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資料庫緣起 Overview

「南島」論述最先是由語言學家展開,南島的希臘文字根即意味著南太平洋上的眾多島嶼,語言學者發現,此區域中的語言之間,彼此存在相似性,經長期研究,語言學家便將這群語言距離相近的民族歸類為南島語族。

南島語族是世界上分布面積最廣的語言家族,其整體範圍西起馬達加斯加島、東至復活節島、南達紐西蘭島、最北端則為台灣。隨著語言學家、考古學家確立了「南島語族」的親近關係,以及各學者以不同領域的證據加以推論,雖然關於南島民族的起源地,目前尚無一致的看法與定論,但學界較盛行的說法為「台灣是南島民族的起源地」。

近年來,隨著國際社會對原住民人權的關注、討論與反省逐漸增加,台灣原住民運動也逐漸與全球原住民論述接軌。「台灣是南島民族起源地」之論述不僅為台灣延伸國際外交的平台,也為台灣原住民尋得跨國、跨區域的當代發展經驗交流機會,並形成相互支持的網絡。

為促進國民認識南島區域文化、歷史、社會現況與政治、經濟等議題相關知識,在考量資訊完整度及可取得性之下,透過網路運作規劃線上南島圖書資訊資料庫,提供國內外研究者與一般民眾使用,期待能持續推廣南島研究及加深國民對南島的認識。

The discourse on Austronesia originated in linguistic research. The word “Austronesia” consists of two cognates; “austro” stems from the Latin root austrālis ‘of the south,’ whereas “nesia” stems from the Greek root nesos ‘islands.’ As such, “Austronesia” is the collective term for the multitude of islands scattered across the South Pacific Ocean. Linguists have discovered certain similarities between the languages spoken in this region, and there is even evidence of commonalities. After decades of research, linguists now formally categorize these similar languages as the Austronesian languages, indicating that these “closely related” languages belong to the same language family.

According to linguists and anthropologists, the Austronesian language family is the most widespread language family in the world. It ranges as far north as Taiwan, west to Madagascar, east to Easter Island, and south to New Zealand. We can see from the description above that, within the field of linguistic studies, “Austronesia” is a geographical term that describes the distribution of this language family. There hasn’t been any universal agreement among linguists and anthropologists that ancient Austronesian languages originated from the same source. However, “Taiwan being the origin of Austronesian Peoples” is a relatively popular belief among scholars.

In recent years, the increasing awareness of indigenous peoples’ rights and discussions have aligned Taiwan’s indigenous movements with global indigenous discourses. The discourse “Taiwan is the origin of Austronesian peoples” not only serves as a platform for Taiwan’s international diplomatic outreach but also a network for local indigenous peoples seeking cross-country and cross-region exchange of experiences regarding current development while offering support to each other.

This database was created to facilitate understanding of Austronesian regional culture, history, status of different societies, as well as political and economic issues. Considering the comprehensiveness and availability of information, this database is open to local and global researchers and the general public. The objective is to continue promoting Austronesian studies and deepen people’s understanding of Austronesian issues.

館藏特色 Features

南島圖書資訊資料庫以漸進擴增的方式建置館藏,以太平洋島群、東南亞、台灣以及馬達加斯加的順序,逐步蒐集相關資料。資料蒐集來自不同國家的南島觀點,建置可供檢索運用之線上平台,並提供外部資源連結至該資源位址供使用者參考與利用。

本資料庫有七個列表:

  • (1)「研究者列表」:
    以研究者的區域研究和學科作為篩選對象,並搭配關鍵字搜尋和字順索引系統,方便使用者區分欲瞭解的對象、研究者基本資料。
  • (2)「著作列表」:
    收錄「研究者列表」中的學者之著作資訊,方便使用者快速篩選具關鍵字相關聯的人員與資料、著作資訊中亦提供該著作的外部連結。
  • (3)「研究者服務單位列表」:
    以研究者服務單位作為歸類對象,使用者能依服務單位作點選並快速查找具相關聯的研究者。
  • (4)「研究機構列表」:
    提供研究機構外部連結,並以研究機構所在地與研究領域作為篩選對象搭配關鍵字搜尋,方便使用者查詢。
  • (5)「期刊列表」:
    以期刊的研究主題作為篩選對象並搭配關鍵字搜尋和字順索引系統,方便使用者區分欲瞭解的期刊資訊、點選所欲瞭解的期刊並快速轉入本資料庫為該期刊所提供的資訊。
  • (6)「學位論文列表」:
    收錄世界各大學研究南島的學位論文,提供使用者對目前已有的南島研究主題概況了解,以作後續延伸研究。
  • (7)「綜合資料網站列表」:
    收錄有關南島領域之重要學術資源網站,以及介紹該網站的資訊並提供資源連結。

The Austronesian Studies E-Resources Gateway builds up collections incrementally. The following order, Pacific Islands, Southeast Asia, Taiwan, and Madagascar, is applied to collect relevant data. With diverse Austronesian data available, this online platform aims to enable search functionalities and access to external data via links provided for users’ reference and use.

 

This database is categorized into seven search query lists.

  1. Researcher List

Researchers are filtered by their area studies and disciplines. Keywords and alphabetic indexes are in place for users to locate researchers and their basic information.

  1. Publication List

Publication information by scholars in the “Researcher List” is highlighted for users to find relevant authors and data with keywords. The publication information also includes an external link to such publication.

  1. Affiliation List

Researchers’ affiliations are added to the list so that users can click on any affiliation for more information and quickly find relevant researchers.

  1. Research Institution List

The list provides external links to research institutions, where query may be directed via location or research areas, coupled with a keyword system.

  1. Journal List

The search can be diverted by study area of a journal. A keyword system and alphabetical indexes are also incorporated to help users identify the journal in question, click the journal, and land on the official journal webpage provided by our database.

  1. Thesis and Dissertation List

Theses and dissertations on Austronesian studies from universities worldwide are collected to offer an overview of existing Austronesian subjects for future extensive research.

  1. General Website List

Major websites for academic resources of Austronesian studies are compiled and detailed, with their links attached.

未來展望 Future Prospects

本資料庫陸續蒐集南島整體與區域相關文獻,包含南島相關之叢書、套書系列、官方出版品等等,並針對蒐集之文獻資料以重要議題進行分類及建立索引標籤,期盼能為讀者建構更完整的搜尋引擎。另配合資料庫之加值功能,陸續規劃數位人文、南島地區研究歷史以及系列主題展覽等,持續推廣南島文化。

The collection of overall or regional Austronesian literatures, including book series and government publications, will continue. The literature and data collected will be categorized and indexed as per topic in the hope of establishing a more comprehensive search engine for readers. Themed exhibitions on digital humanities and Austronesian history are being planned as part of our effort to promote Austronesian culture.

數據統計 Statistic

目前線上人數

 1528 人

總計瀏覽人次:3116 人

總計瀏覽頁面:66477 頁

今日瀏覽人次:2 人

今日瀏覽頁面:26 頁

昨日瀏覽人次:7 人

昨日瀏覽頁面:15 頁

本週瀏覽人次:73 人

本週瀏覽頁面:1562 頁

本月瀏覽人次:255 人

本月瀏覽頁面:2712 頁

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